Connect with us

Health

HIV and Fitness

Published

on

HIV and Fitness


Decades ago, an HIV diagnosis meant sickness and a shorter life. Exercise wasn’t even part of the conversation.

Today, HIV is more of a lifelong disease than a life-threatening one.

“In large part, due to the good medications we have now, the lifespan for people with HIV is close to that of people without HIV,” says David Hardy, MD, a scientific and medical consultant for the American Academy of HIV Medicine.

That makes exercise an essential part of the conversation. Living longer means taking care of your body for the long haul.

“Exercise is medicine,” says exercise physiologist Joe Cannon. “It offsets depression, stimulates your immune system, and can make your microbiome, or the bacteria that live in your large intestines, healthier. If you could put exercise in a pill, everyone would take it.”

Benefits of Exercise for People Who Have HIV

People who are HIV-positive are more likely than others to have diabetes, heart disease, and risk factors for these conditions. Also, a possible side effect of some HIV medications is weight gain, which can further raise your risk for these conditions.

Continued

This all means that the benefits of exercise are just as important (or more so) for you as they are for anyone else. Exercise brings day-to-day and long-term benefits.

Daily physical activity can:

  • Boost your mood
  • Help you focus
  • Keep stress levels low
  • Make your sleep more restorative

All of these are important for ongoing good health.

Over time, exercise helps you:

Move More

Despite the many benefits of exercise, a significant number of people who have HIV don’t do it.

“Some people don’t feel good in their own body and think gyms are only for the beautiful people,” Cannon says. He says the stigma some people feel from having HIV may keep them from gyms or from getting out and being active. A lack of social support may hold them back, too.

Continued

If you don’t feel comfortable in public facilities, ask a friend or family member to work out with you. This provides support and makes you accountable to someone else for getting fit.

Money is often another concern. “Thirty to 35% of people with HIV live at or just above the federal poverty line,” Hardy says.

But fitness doesn’t have to cost anything. And it doesn’t require a gym.

A solid exercise program has just three parts:

“Start with 1 to 2 days a week, 20 to 30 minutes at the beginning, then gradually up it to 3 to 4 days a week,” Cannon suggests. “This will minimize the pain you feel after exercise or activity you’re not used to.”

Strength vs. Muscle

Before effective HIV therapy, wasting syndrome was a challenge. The disease uses your muscle tissue as a source of energy.

Continued

“Untreated HIV infection is a very active and calorie-burning process,” Hardy says. “The body would burn muscle tissue, and people wasted and looked very ill.” Today, HIV medications keep that from happening.

Still, muscle loss and building muscle may be bigger challenges for people with HIV than for others. One small study showed that older adults with HIV lose muscle at the same rate as anyone else their age. But, when they tried to build muscle through an exercise program, they didn’t build as much as people who are HIV-negative.

But don’t be discouraged. The benefits of exercise go beyond what you can see.

“Muscle mass and strength aren’t the same thing,” Cannon says. “We put a lot of emphasis on what we can see in the mirror, but on the cellular level, a lot of things are happening.”

If you’re just starting out, Cannon suggests one set of strength training exercises.

“For muscle to grow, you have to put it under some sort of stress or resistance,” he says. “One set of strength training exercises, like machines, free weights, resistance bands, or body weight exercises, will build strength. It’s going to take 8 to 12 weeks for your body to adapt. Don’t be in a hurry to progress to three sets. One set will build strength and endurance. You can get stronger but not look like a bodybuilder.”

Building Muscle With Supplements

Supplements like animal or plant protein powder, creatine, and beta-hydroxymethylbutyrate (HMB), may help you build and keep muscle. Most have no interactions with HIV medication, with one exception.

“One class of HIV medications we rely on very heavily now are integrase inhibitors,” Hardy says. “If a supplement contains calcium, magnesium, iron, or aluminum, it can lessen the effects of this HIV medication.”

Check with your doctor before you take any supplements. If you want to take a supplement with any of these elements, your doctor may suggest that you space it out 2 to 6 hours before or after you take your medication. That way, both of them aren’t in your stomach at the same time.

What About Opportunistic Infections?

You can pick up weights at the gym, but you’re not going to pick up an opportunistic infection (OI). That’s because OIs come from inside you, not from sweaty surfaces.

“OIs come from the bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infections our bodies are already carrying,” Hardy says.

Continued

In people with a healthy immune system, the body keeps these infections at bay, and they never develop into illness. But in people who have untreated HIV or whose medications don’t work, these infections can progress and make you sick.

OIs are less common today thanks to effective HIV treatment. The gym won’t change your risk for these infections. The best way to prevent them is to take your HIV medication.



Source link

Continue Reading
Advertisement
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Health

5 Simple Tips To Make Homemade Omelette Tastier And Fluffier

Published

on

5 Simple Tips To Make Homemade Omelette Tastier And Fluffier


When you want a filling breakfast in just a matter of minutes, eggs come handy. One can have them boiled or half fried. But when it comes to preparing an omelette, not many can reach that benchmark of a perfect omelette. Ideally, this item is considered to be flawless only when it is fluffy. If you have been making tasty omelettes yet struggling to add the fluffiness to them, fret not. We are here with these 5 tips to score a ten on ten in the omelette department.

j7p1j5lg

A fluffy omelette is considered to be the sign of a good chef. 

Here Are 5 Simple Tips To Make Your Omelette Tastier And Fluffier

1. Add tiny amounts of milk or cream while preparing the batter. This will help the omelette fluff up in the desired way.

2. Use butter. Make sure you put melted butter on the pan before you add eggs. Eggs should be added to the pan only after the bubbles from the heated butter die down.

3. Another important tip is to whisk the egg white and yolk separately till they thicken. You can later fold the yolks in the whites with a dash of salt and pepper.

(Also Read: )

h9md00kg

Egg whites and yolks can be whisked separately for a fluffier omelette. 

4. Adding plain carbonated water or soda water to the whisked eggs is another trick to make a fluffy omelette.

5. Try not to add too many heavy toppings. Using ingredients like cheese, tomatoes, mushrooms or onions can help it stay light and fluffy.

Not just breakfast but you can now have omelette even as a loaded evening snack. Try this recipe of pocket-size cheese omelette which is creamy and tasty. A sprinkle of various spices and the goodness of spinach can give it a nutritious twist.  Mumbai-style masala omelette pav is another yummy recipe, we bet you will love to prepare at home.

(Also Read: )

77dbu4eo

Reinvent your usual omelette with our interesting recipes. 

Now, that you have a couple of mouth-watering omelette recipes and tips to make them fluffier, what are you waiting for?



Source link

Continue Reading

Health

Is It A Barfi, Is It A Halwa? Make Halwai-Style Sohan Halwa At Home And Know For Yourself

Published

on

Is It A Barfi, Is It A Halwa? Make Halwai-Style Sohan Halwa At Home And Know For Yourself


The moment you step foot in a quintessential North Indian sweetmeat shop, you are bound to stumble upon some usual suspects. Gulab jamun, Kaju Katli and Rasgulla occupy a dedicated slot, then there are confectionaries that often look like a fusion of two sweets. They are often the most colourful of the lot, for which they invite much intrigue. Yes, the world may have just woken up to the concept of ‘fusion food’, our Halwai wallahs have been ‘fusing’ mithais since forever. One of the most iconic mithais which is essentially a cross between a halwa and a barfi is Sohan Halwa.

(Also Read: )

s8kntl8

Indian desserts have a fan-following of its own

Sohan Halwa is an incredibly popular sweet in North India and Pakistan. There are many legends associated with it. It is said that the dessert has its roots in Persia. The word ‘sohan’ itself is of Persian origin and is taken from an almost identical brittle confection called sohan-e-qom (of Iranian cuisine). As the sweet travelled borders, it got adopted in numerous ways according to the local palate. Ghantewala, an iconic sweet shop of old Delhi established in the year 1790, used to sell a much softer version of the mithai. Ghantewala sweetshop may have had to pull its shutters in the year 2015 due to financial constraints, but its sohan halwa is etched in our hearts forever.

(Also Read: )

v54tjal8

Like Karachi Halwa, Sohan Halwa is also cut in different shapes and served

How To Make Halwai-Style Sohan Halwa | Halwai-Style Sohan Halwa Recipe

Coming to the ingredients of the dessert and what makes it so iconic. Sohan Halwa starts out as a usual halwa. In big vessel, water, milk, sugar and cornflour are and boiled until it obtains a semi-solid consistency. Oodles and oodles of ghee is added to the halwa that gives it its characteristic depth, richness and sheen. Then come in the nuts and cardamom. This halwa is shaped like circular discs and is sold in a much solid form as compared to other halwas.

You can also try making Sohan halwa at home. It is not very difficult, but it does require a good amount of patience. Which classic sweet doesn’t, right? Here is an easy version of Sohan Halwa that you can try at home. Do let us know how you liked it in the comments below.
 

About Sushmita SenguptaSharing a strong penchant for food, Sushmita loves all things good, cheesy and greasy. Her other favourite pastime activities other than discussing food includes, reading, watching movies and binge-watching TV shows.



Source link

Continue Reading

Health

Pfizer, Moderna vax powerfully effective, finds CDC analysis – ET HealthWorld

Published

on

Pfizer, Moderna vax powerfully effective, finds CDC analysis – ET HealthWorld


Pfizer, Moderna vax powerfully effective, finds CDC analysisThe Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna coronavirus vaccines are 94% effective at preventing symptomatic Covid, according to a new study of over 1,800 health care workers in the US. The research, which the CDC released on Friday, provides yet more evidence that the vaccines are working well even outside controlled clinical trials.

“This report provided the most compelling information to date that Covid vaccines were performing as expected in the real world,” Dr. Rochelle Walensky, the CDC director, said on Friday.

The findings are based on an ongoing study of health care workers in 25 states. This interim analysis included data on 1,843 health care. Over 80% of participants were female. Some 623 workers tested positive between January and mid-March. Those who were fully vaccinated were 94% less likely to develop symptomatic infections than their unvaccinated peers, the study found. The figures are consistent with the efficacy estimates from the clinical trials.

The scientists also found that a single dose of the two-shot regimen was 82% effective at preventing symptomatic infection. That figure is higher than has been reported in other studies and may be a result of the relative youth of the participants, who had a median age of 37 to 38. nyt





Source link

Continue Reading

Trending