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PM Modi-Boris Johnson Virtual Summit Brings 1 Billion Pounds Worth Of Deals



PM Modi-Boris Johnson Virtual Summit Brings 1 Billion Pounds Worth Of Deals

PM Modi-Boris Johnson Virtual Summit Brings 1 Billion Pounds Worth Of Deals

Britain has finalised 1 billion pounds worth of new trade and investment with India.


Britain has finalised 1 billion pounds worth of new trade and investment with India, creating over 6,500 jobs in the UK, to be signed off at a virtual summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his British counterpart Boris Johnson on Tuesday.

The investments confirmed by Downing Street on Monday evening form part of an Enhanced Trade Partnership (ETP), which will set the ambition to double the value of UK-India trade by 2030 and declare a shared intent to begin work towards a comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (FTA).

“Like every aspect of the UK-India relationship, the economic links between our countries make our people stronger and safer,” Mr Johnson said.

“Each and every one of the more than 6,500 jobs we have announced today will help families and communities build back from coronavirus and boost the British and Indian economies. In the decade ahead, with the help of [the] new Partnership signed today and a comprehensive Free Trade Agreement, we will double the value of our trading partnership with India and take the relationship between our two countries to new highs,” he said.

The Confederation of British Industry (CBI) President and British Indian entrepreneur Lord Karan Bilimoria said the Enhanced Trade Partnership will usher in a new era of UK-India relations.

“It shows the world the strength of our relationship,” Bilimoria said.

“Paving the way for a future UK-India Free Trade Agreement and setting the ambition of more than doubling bilateral trade from the current level of GBP 23 billion by 2030. As leaders in tech and innovation, this enhanced partnership will unlock opportunities for businesses, boost job creation and growth across the country,” he said.

The trade and investment package unveiled by Britain contains over 533 million pounds of new Indian investment into the UK, covering areas such as healthcare and technology. This includes a 240 million pounds investment by the Serum Institute of India in the UK into its vaccine business and a new sales office in the country, expected to generate new business worth over USD 1 billion.

Serum’s investment will support clinical trials, research & development and “possibly” manufacturing of vaccines, to help the UK and the world defeat the coronavirus pandemic and other deadly diseases, Downing Street said. British businesses have also secured new export deals with India worth more than 446 million pounds, which is expected to create more than 400 British jobs. This includes CMR Surgical exporting its next-generation “Versius” surgical robotic system, which helps surgeons perform minimal access surgery being rolled out to hospitals in India. This export deal is worth 200 million pounds and will result in the creation of 100 new jobs in the UK.

“With almost 1.4 billion people, India’s population is bigger than the EU and US combined and by far the largest market the UK has committed to negotiating a trade deal with to date,” Downing Street said.

The ETP agreed between India and the UK is said to create immediate opportunities for British businesses in India across industries including food and drink, life sciences and the service sector. Non-tariff barriers on fruit and medical devices will be lowered, allowing British businesses to export more of their products to India and boosting UK growth and jobs. It also commits both sides to addressing immediate market access barriers as well as continuing to seek further opportunities on the road to an FTA.

“A future UK-India trade deal will support hundreds of thousands of jobs and boost the economies of both the UK and India by potentially lowering or removing current tariffs such as those of up to 150 per cent on whisky and up to 125 per cent on automotives as well as on other British products. It would also create huge benefits for British services – four out five of India’s fastest growing imports are for services like IP and telecommunications,” Downing Street said.

The trade barriers addressed by the ETP include lifting restrictions to enable fruit producers across the UK to export British apples, pears and quince to India for the first time and improved access for medical devices through the acceptance of UK Certificates of Free Sale in India, removing the requirement for additional accreditation of UK medical devices when exporting to the Indian market before they can be sold.

There is also a commitment to deepening cooperation in educational services and concluding work on the recognition of UK higher education qualifications, which will encourage an increase in student flows, skills transfer and knowledge sharing between the UK and India.

It has also been agreed by both sides to work on removing barriers in the Indian legal services sector preventing UK lawyers from practising international and foreign law in India, a step that Downing Street could “significantly increase” UK legal services exports and UK legal services imports from India.

According to official statistics, trade between the UK and India is already worth around 23 billion pounds a year, supporting more than half a million jobs.

Last week, Johnson spoke to Indian business leaders from companies Infosys and HCL and the software majors are among the Indian companies listed as part of a series of investment deals, set to create 1,000 jobs each in the UK. Some of the others on the list include the likes of biotech firm Global Gene Corp, TVS Motors and Goila Butter Chicken.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

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Title sealed at OT: Manchester City crowned Premier League champions for third time in four years



Title sealed at OT: Manchester City crowned Premier League champions for third time in four years

Manchester City clinched a third Premier League title in four years, as their arch rivals Manchester United slipped up at home against Leicester City on Tuesday.

United were the closest rivals to City but it was a matter of time for Pep Guardiola and Co. Leicester defeated a much-changed United side 2-1 for a crucial win in their top four bid.

(More to follow)

Premier League champions

Club Wins Winning years
Manchester United 13 1992–93, 1993–94, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2012–13
Chelsea 5 2004–05, 2005–06, 2009–10, 2014–15, 2016–17
Manchester City 5 2011–12, 2013–14, 2017–18, 2018–19, 2020-21
Arsenal 3 1997–98, 2001–02, 2003–04
Blackburn Rovers 1 1994–95
Leicester City 1 2015–16
Liverpool 1 2019–20

City hosted Thomas Tuchel’s side at the Etihad at 1630 GMT just three weeks before they meet again in European club football’s showpiece match, scheduled to be played in Istanbul on May 29. But a defeat in that match meant City had to wait for their celebrations.

City swept aside Paris Saint-Germain in the semi-finals of the Champions League to give Guardiola the opportunity to win the European crown for the third time as a manager after he won it twice with Barcelona in 2009 and 2011.

But he had insisted the Champions League final and the meeting in the Premier League on Saturday were not connected.

City moved to the brink of the title with victory over Crystal Palace last weekend. They could have been crowned champions on Sunday last week had second-placed Manchester United lost to Liverpool but that game was postponed after a protest by fans against United’s American owners.

Reaching the Champions League final for the first time is a huge moment in City’s history but their star manager had said retaining the Premier League after Liverpool interrupted his side’s title series last season was his prime focus.

“Always I’ve said the Premier League is the most important title,” he had said before the match against Chelsea.

“Financially for the club, qualification for the Champions League is the most important title, maybe, but there is no doubt what is the most important thing.

“Of course the Champions League is so special, it’s nice, but this one means consistency and many things.”

City beat Tottenham with an Aymeric Laporte header to lift the League Cup last month but Chelsea ended their hopes of an unprecedented quadruple by winning 1-0 in the FA Cup semi-final at Wembley.

List of Premier League champions

Year Champions Winning manager
1992–93 Manchester United   Alex Ferguson
1993–94 Manchester United   Alex Ferguson
1994–95 Blackburn Rovers   Kenny Dalglish
1995–96 Manchester United   Alex Ferguson
1996–97 Manchester United   Alex Ferguson
1997–98 Arsenal   Arsène Wenger
1998–99 Manchester United  Alex Ferguson
1999–2000 Manchester United  Alex Ferguson
2000–01 Manchester United  Alex Ferguson
2001–02 Arsenal  Arsène Wenger
2002–03 Manchester United  Alex Ferguson
2003–04 Arsenal  Arsène Wenger
2004–05 Chelsea  José Mourinho
2005–06 Chelsea  José Mourinho
2006–07 Manchester United  Alex Ferguson
2007–08 Manchester United  Alex Ferguson
2008–09 Manchester United  Alex Ferguson
2009–10 Chelsea  Carlo Ancelotti
2010–11 Manchester United  Alex Ferguson
2011–12 Manchester City  Roberto Mancini
2012–13 Manchester United   Alex Ferguson
2013–14 Manchester City  Manuel Pellegrini
2014–15 Chelsea  José Mourinho
2015–16 Leicester City  Claudio Ranieri
2016–17 Chelsea  Antonio Conte
2017–18 Manchester City  Pep Guardiola
2018–19 Manchester City   Pep Guardiola
2019–20 Liverpool   Jürgen Klopp
2020-21 Manchester City Pep Guardiola

With AFP inputs

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A Belgian farmer accidentally annexed France by moving a rock. What does it say about borders?



A Belgian farmer accidentally annexed France by moving a rock. What does it say about borders?

This week, a farmer in the Belgian town of Erquelinnes caused an international ruckus when he moved a stone standing in his tractor’s path.

This stone marked the boundary between Belgium and France. By moving it 2.29 metres, he expanded Belgium’s territory.

We must assume he had driven around it before – the stone was placed on this site in 1819, as part of the proceedings that established the Franco-Belgian border in 1820 after Napoleon’s defeat.

For the farmer, it stood in the way of his tractor. For the governments of France and Belgium, it was an active international border.

This story suggests a fragility to borders that contradicts their apparent solidity in an atlas or on Google Maps. Human history is, however, full of arguments about where the edges of property lie.

‘Beating the bounds’

Nations establish their borders through treaties. Rivers are sometimes relied on to set boundaries, but even here tensions rise when there are disputes about interpretation. Is the boundary on the river banks, the deepest part of the river, or the very centre of the flow?

The fact these measurements can even be calculated is remarkable. Expecting high levels of accuracy in a map is a recent development.

The first attempts at consistent accuracy were in 19th century military maps, such as Britain’s Ordnance Survey.

Later development saw the topographical charts used by bushwalkers and mountain climbers. But only with the arrival of digital mapping did it became normal to pin-point our location on a map in everyday situations.

An early Ordnance Survey sheet, showing the United Kingdom’s County of Kent and part of the County of Essex. Photo credit: William Mudge, 1801, David Rumsey Historical Map Collection: 8534002

The precise location of boundaries was usually part of local knowledge, kept and maintained by members of the community. For centuries a practice known as “beating the bounds” was followed in parts of Great Britain, Hungary, Germany and the United States.

Members of the parish or community would walk around the edge of their lands every few years, perhaps singing or performing specific actions to help the route stick in the participants’ minds. By including new generations each time, the knowledge was passed through the community and remained active.

Beating the bounds was a tradition of spatial knowledge that carried weight – it was accepted as evidence in cases of disputed boundaries. It was also part of a larger tradition, maintaining borders through physical symbolism, whether for good or bad.

Britain has a long history of using enclosure (the fencing or hedging of land) as a means to excluding the poor from accessing common resources. In contrast, in colonial Australia, the first fences were built to protect essential garden crops from scavenging livestock.

Sometimes the importance of the border was demonstrated with an elaborate marker. The Franco-Belgian stone was carved with a date and compass points, representing not only a boundary but also the end of Napoleon’s destructive wars.

Likewise, the boundary markers of Sydney from the same period included the name of the Governor, Richard Bourke.

Manipulation and incompetence

Formality was not always required. At a local level in the Australian colonies, boundaries were often marked by painting, slashing or burning a mark into a tree. These were easy to ignore and frustrated landholders placed public notices in the newspapers cautioning against trespassing. People constantly took timber from private properties, or grazed their livestock without hesitation wherever was convenient to them.

Landholders included descriptions of their properties – detailing landmarks and neighbouring properties – in their notices, so there could be no doubt about which land was taken.

But these descriptions formed a circular argument: the potential trespasser needed to know who held each property in order to establish whose property they were about to enter. How effective they were at actually preventing trespass remains unclear.

Rivers were an obvious boundary marker, although European settlers quickly learned how to manipulate them to suit their own needs. By quietly blocking a section of river with trees and other rubbish, they could divert its route to suit their own wishes. By the time the surveyor came to verify or reassess boundaries, the landholder had been using their stolen acres for several years.

Throughout the 19th century, Australian survey departments devoted huge resources to undoing the confusion created by manipulation and incompetence in earlier years.

Markers of time

When the Belgian farmer this week got fed up with going around the stone and decided to move it, he was participating in a time-honoured tradition of manipulating impermanent boundary markers. But if he was able to move it, then who is to say it had not been moved before?

Historic boundary markers like this one have a habit of being in technically the wrong place, even if they are in precisely the right place to commemorate a moment in time.

Perhaps that is where their true significance sits.

Imogen Wegman is a Lecturer in Humanities at the University of Tasmania.

This article first appeared on The Conversation.

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“Friendship Truly Special”: PM Modi Thanks Bhutan For Support Over Covid Surge



“Friendship Truly Special”: PM Modi Thanks Bhutan For Support Over Covid Surge

“Friendship Truly Special”: PM Modi Thanks Bhutan For Support Over Covid Surge

PM Modi extended his best wishes to Mr Tshering for his efforts in the fight against Covid (file)

New Delhi:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi held a telephonic conversation with his Bhutanese counterpart Lotay Tshering on Tuesday as the two leaders noted that the coronavirus crisis has further highlighted the special friendship between the two countries.

The Bhutanese prime minister expressed solidarity with the government and the people of India in their efforts against the recent wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, a statement from the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) said.

Mr. Modi conveyed his sincere thanks to the people and the government of Bhutan for their good wishes and support, it added.

“Discussed the pandemic situation with my friend Lyonchhen @PMBhutan, and conveyed appreciation for the solidarity and prayers expressed by the leaders and people of Bhutan. The India-Bhutan friendship is truly special, and we will continue to fight this crisis together,” the prime minister said in a tweet.

He also appreciated the leadership of Bhutan’s king Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck in managing the neighbouring country’s fight against the pandemic and extended his best wishes to Mr. Tshering for the continuing efforts.

The two leaders noted that the present crisis situation has served to further highlight the special friendship between India and Bhutan, anchored in mutual understanding and respect, shared cultural heritage and strong people-to-people links, the statement said.

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